Natural Attractions of Dobrogea

Dobrogea is rich in natural attractions and is one of the most beautiful parts of Romania. The richness of this geographical region, with smooth beaches, fields and plateaus covered with noble vineyards, with lakes, lagoons and estuaries but also with the remains of the oldest mountains in Europe – the Hercinic Mountains, and not finally with the beautiful Danube Delta, makes Dobrogea a must to be visited place.

Maybe the most famous place in Dobrogea is the Danube Delta, the second largest delta in Europe after the Volga Delta. Danube Delta is the best preserved delta on the European continent. The greater part of the Danube Delta lies in Romania (Tulcea county), while its northern part, on the left bank of the Chilia arm, is situated in Ukraine (Odessa Oblast). The approximate surface is 4152 km², of which 3446 km² are in Romania. If one includes the lagoons of Razim – Sinoe (1015 km² of which 865 km² water surface), which are located south of the delta proper, but are related to it geologically and ecologically (their combined territory is part of the World Heritage Site – UNESCO), the total area of the Danube Delta reaches 5165 km².

Bordered by Danube on the west and north and by the Black Sea at the east, Dobrogea is the only region in Romania washed by the Black Sea waves. The Black Sea Coast stretches out for 244 km or 153 miles and is the main tourist area of Romania. It has fine, soft sand and safe, gently sloping beaches. The water of the Black Sea has a low salinity in comparison with other inland seas (only 17%) and there is a virtual absence of tides and currents. On most days during the summer the sea is calm. The medium latitude and the low altitude are favorable to a dry climate and determine a long season, lasting from May to September, whilst the eastern exposure of the coast provides for spectacular sunrises and maximum luminosity, amounting to over 14 hours a day at the height of summer. The air is well- ionized, rich in marine aerosols. The high solar radiation intensity is said to have stimulating and healing effects. The entire complex of sand, air, sun and water is a beneficial one. The Black Sea houses sturgeons and dolphins and there are no dangerous species like sharks.

The Hercinic Mountains or what was left from them after millions of years of wind erosion are not so spectacular, but provide a special charm to the region of Dobrogea. And last but not least the Murfatlar vineyard is not quite a natural attraction but is the largest vineyard in Romania and is more than 10.000 acres under cultivation. Also is important to know that the Murfatlar vineyard is maybe more than 2.000 years old, the Latin poet Ovid mentioning about wine growing in Scitia Minor (Dobrogea of today).

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