The National History and Archaeology Museum

Muzeul de Istorie Nationala si Arheologie Constanta – www.videoguide.ro
 


 


 

 
Virtual tour, map & gallery
 

The National History and Archeology Museum from Constanta was founded in 1879 and inaugurated in 1977 in the former City Hall of the city of Constanta. Is has a patrimony with more than 430.000 objects, which shows the settlements profile across the centuries, from the prehistoric era till 1940, attesting facts, events, the portraits of important personalities from Constanta. Among the most important exhibits of the museum are the Neolithic Figurines (Hamangia), “The Thinker” and the “Seated Woman”, masterpieces of Neolithic Art, discovered in a grave on the cemetery of Cernavoda (Dobroudja, Romania), and “Glykon”, the snake godess of the familly and house (Tomis, II AD)

 

An impressive collection of artifacts from Greek, Roman, and Daco-Roman civilizations is on display illustrating the history of Dobrogea from the Stone Age to modern days. Greek and Roman objects can be found on the main floor. Two statues, one of the “Glykon – The Fantastic Snake,” dating from the 3rd century BC, and the other of “Goddess Fortuna and Pontos,” god of the Black Sea, are considered protectors of the city and port and are the highlights of the collection.

 

Even that in Constanta was not a real museum tradition, by the state efforts and the passions of a valuable group of specialists, some museum were founded, which now are famous even outside the border of our country, for the foreign tourists there are already a reference point in their visiting program, during the time spend on the Romanian sea side, and also for the Romanian tourist too.

 

The first steps to organize a museum are back in 1878 when Dobrogea was returned to the homeland and when the archeological material gathered have been housed in one room in the Prefecture, a massive building, designed by one of the students of the architecture school of Ion Mincu. The Brancoveanu style is found in the loggia from the big fronton, the hall with a large opening, supported by the thick columns, and in exterior with small and narrow windows at the third floor.

 

The National History and Archeology Museum from Constanta is ranged as a museum of national importance due to its rich patrimonial collection from all Romanian history. The museum has under its jurisdiction also the Mosaic Floor located near the museum building, and also two local museums in Adamclisi (ancient Tropaeum Traiani) and Histria as well as open-air preserved sites like the ancient cities of Tropaeum Traiani, Histria, Capidava, Pacuiul lui Soare, Ulmetum, Carsium and Basarabi.

 

The museum has also a complex restoration laboratory where all objects found during excavations are properly restored and preserved.

 

The museum has 24 rooms including:

 

  • Thesaurus and prehistory section
  • Coins exhibition
  • Icons exhibition
  • Silver jewels exhibition
  • Pipes exhibition (XVIII-XIX centuries)

 

 The exhibition is organized in the main building on three floors, including a prehistory section, a classical history section, a medieval and contemporary history section, a numismatic collection and a medieval pipes collection (XVIII-XIX centuries). The most important section is on the ground floor showing masterpieces of ancient sculpture, jewelry, coins, glassware, pottery, and personal objects found especially in the ancient Hellenistic, Roman and Late Roman graveyards from Constanta.

 

 There are over 52.000 specialty titles in the museum library, about 60.000 objects in the archaeology collection, 67.000 coins in the numismatic collection, 12.000 items in the modern and contemporary history collection, 120.000 newspapers and about 200.000 photo negatives and slides.

Muzeul National de Istorie si Arheologie din Constanta a fost infiintat in 1879 si inaugurat in 1977 in fosta Primarie a orasului Constanta. Are in patrimoniu peste 430.000 obiecte, care arata profilul si evolutia asezarilor umane de-a lungul secolelor in Dobrogea, din era preistorica pana in 1940, atestand fapte, evenimente, portrete ale personalitatilor importante din Constanta. Printre cele mai importante exponate ale muzeului se afla Figurinele Neolitice (Hamangia), “Ganditorul” si “Femeie Sezand”, capodopere ale artei neolitice, descoperite intr-un mormant dintr-un cimitir din Cernavoda (Dobrogea, Romania), si “Glykon”, zeita sarpe protectoare a familiei si a casei (Tomis, II AD)

 

O colectie impresionanta de artefacte ale civilizatiilor greaca, romana, si daco-romana sunt expuse ilustrand istoria Dobrogei din epoca de piatra pana in zilele noastre. Obiecte grecesti si romane se afla in salile de la parter. Doua statui, una reprezentand “Glykon – Sarpele Fantastic” datand din secolul 3 i.Ch., si alte obiecte precum “Zeitele Fortuna si Pontos,” zeite ale Marii Negre, sunt considerate protectoare ale orasului si portului si sunt printre piesele de baza ale colectiei muzeului.

 

Chiar daca in Constanta nu a existat o reala traditie muzeala, prin efortul statului si pasiunea unui valoros grup de specialisti, au fost fondate cateva muzee, care in prezent au devenit celebre chiar si in afara tarii, iar pentru turistii straini cat si romani, reprezinta deja un punct de referinta in programul lor de vizitare, in timpul petrecut pe litoralul romanesc.

 

Primii pasi in organizarea muzeului dateaza din 1878 cand Dobrogea a revenit la patria mama si cand materialul arheologic adunat a fost gazduit in una din camerele Prefecturii, o cladire masiva, proiectata de unul din studentii scolii de arhitectura Ion Mincu. Stilul Brancovenesc poate fi remarcat in loggia din marele fronton, sala cu o deschidere mare, sustinuta de coloane puternice, si in exterior cu ferestre mici si inguste la cel de-al treilea etaj.

 

Muzeul National de Istorie si Arheologie din Constanta este considerat a fi un muzeu de importanta nationala datorita bogatei colectii de patrimoniu din toata istoria Romaniei. Muzeul are sub jurisdictia sa de asemenea si Mozaicul Roman localizat langa cladirea muzeului, precum si alte doua muzee locale din Adamclisi (vechiul Tropaeum Traiani) si Histria dar si situri in aer liber bine conservate, cum ar fi vechile orase si cetati Tropaeum Traiani, Histria, Capidava, Pacuiul lui Soare, Ulmetum, Carsium si Basarabi.

 

Muzeul are un laborator complex pentru restaurari unde toate obiectele gasite in timpul excavarilor sunt restaurate si conservate corespunzator.

 

Muzeul are 24 de camere incluzand:

 

  • Sectiunea tezaur si preistorie
  • Expozitia de monezi
  • Expozitia de icoane
  • Expozitia de bijuterii din argint
  • Expozitia de pipe (secolele XVIII-XIX)

 

Muzeul este organizat in cladirea principala pe trei etaje, incluzand o sectiune de preistorie, o sectiune de istorie clasica, o sectiune de istorie medievala si contemporana, o colectie numismatica si o colectie medievala de pipe (secolele XVIII-XIX). Cea mai importanta sectiune se afla la parter unde se afla expuse capodopere ale sculpturii antice, bijuterii, monede, sticlarie, ceramica si obiecte personale descoperite in vechile morminte grecesti, romane si bizantine din Constanta.

 

Exista peste 52.000 titluri de specialitate in biblioteca muzeului, peste 60.000 obiecte in colectia de arheologie, 67.000 de monezi in colectia numismatica, 12.000 articole in colectia de istorie moderna si contemporana, 120.000 ziare si peste 200.000 negative fotografice si clisee.

 


 

Leave a Reply





Home Bucharest Dobrogea Moldova Walachia Transilvania